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1.7. Themes and templates

XOOPS allows for some separation between the actual presentation of the site (the “skin” or user interface) and the code that runs in the back. The first one is handled by a sophisticated mechanism based on graphical themes. A theme may include, in its basic form, the essential HTML templates that define the visual interface of the site, as well as the style sheets and images needed to complement that visual interface. Themes are switchable in the administrative interface, so changing the whole appearance of a XOOPS site it’s just a matter of changing the value of a selector and clicking on “Accept”. XOOPS also provides site administrators with the ability to let users choose among some available themes.

Generally speaking, a theme is the high level visual framework of a site: the theme defines, for instance, the general layout of the site; on the other hand, it does not usually define the specific distribution of content within a block. This is handled by a different entity called a template set. A template set is an ensemble of HTML templates that define the presentation of content within all the blocks that form a XOOPS Web site. If we want a more clear metaphor for this, we could say that the theme is like the architect of a house, while the template set is like the interiors decorator. The first one sets the walls and defines the general distribution, but it’s the second one who’s in charge of “dressing” those walls.

If the active theme is a simple one that only includes a theme file, CSS files and some images, XOOPS employs the default template set to define the presentation of blocks. However, some complex themes like the one called x2t are sophisticated enough to include their own template set. In this case, the site administrator must use the administrative interface to set both the theme and the template set.

How is the theme magic accomplished? That is, how can HTML templates include dynamic content? This is done not with mirrors and smoke, but with a clever template engine called Smarty that makes the function of what used to be called variable interpolation. Expressed in a simple way, we could say that the XOOPS system uses PHP files to hold the logic of the modules (access to the database, allocation of variables, management of rights...), HTML files with Smarty variables inserted to manage the actual visual interface, and the Smarty engine to insert values and strings in specific places within the HTML that builds the pages seen by the end user. All in all, what this means to you can be easily summarized: thanks to its theming system, XOOPS lets site designers build more interesting and visually stunning sites without much concern about what happens under the hood.

The comments are owned by the author. We aren't responsible for their content.

Author Thread
dalong
Published: 2006/11/16 8:00  Updated: 2006/11/16 8:00
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Comments: 2
 Re: xo-002 http://www.apachefriends.org/en/xampp.html
very good!
I like here!

Author Thread
dalong
Published: 2006/11/16 10:13  Updated: 2006/11/16 10:13
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Comments: 2
 Re: xo-002 http://www.apachefriends.org/en/xampp.html
thank for your work!

Author Thread
huqilong
Published: 2006/11/20 2:50  Updated: 2006/11/20 2:50
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Comments: 3
 Re: xo-002 http://www.apachefriends.org/en/xampp.html
I hava a question ,when I have installed phpeclipse,I can't user the button for the apache in the Eclipse IDE,how shoud I do?

Author Thread
huqilong
Published: 2006/11/20 3:10  Updated: 2006/11/20 3:10
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Comments: 3
 Re: xo-002 http://www.apachefriends.org/en/xampp.html
dddd

Author Thread
Mark_1900
Published: 2006/11/18 11:05  Updated: 2006/11/18 11:09
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Comments: 2
 Alias Permission Problems
For an Alias I also had to add a Directory tag to the httpd.conf, otherwise I had permission problems accessing the files... <br /> [code] Alias /wiki "C:/Documents and Settings/Me/wiki"<br /> <Directory "C:/Documents and Settings/Me/wiki"><br /> Options Indexes MultiViews<br /> AllowOverride None<br /> Order allow,deny<br /> Allow from all<br /> </Directory><br /> [/code]<br /> Oh and all these editing tags seem broken!!

Author Thread
Mark_1900
Published: 2006/11/18 11:21  Updated: 2006/11/18 11:32
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Comments: 2
 Getting the correct php_dbg.dll
I want a debugger. I downloaded the latest XAMPP 1.5.4a and noticed that it comes with PHP 5.1.6 & PHP 4.4.4, and neither are supported. The debugger module only supports a subset of these major versions from 5.1.0 to 5.1.2 and 4.4.0 to 4.4.2 (http://dd.cron.ru/dbg/downloads.php). I think right at the beginning you should specify which versions to download to get a debugger Version "XAMPP 1.5.2" would be fine.

Author Thread
huqilong
Published: 2006/11/30 6:28  Updated: 2006/11/30 6:28
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Comments: 3
 Re: xo-002 http://www.apachefriends.org/en/xampp-windows....
I want to know how to use phpeclipse with eclipse detailly!

Author Thread
thierrybo
Published: 2007/2/3 16:19  Updated: 2007/2/3 16:21
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Comments: 1
 Re: xo-002 ch02s03.html Workspace Method 2
I do not agree with the suggested method 2: Quote:
For example you have set up XAMPP and your “document root” path is the XAMPP default:
C:Program Filesapachefriendsxampphtdocs
Quote:
,then your appropriate workspace path should be one level less:
C:Program Filesapachefriendsxampp
If htdocs is your document root, then each folder inside IS a new project and you should set workspace directory as Document Root directory. With suggested method, all your web projects are managed with ONE big PHPeclipse project.

Author Thread
dafydd
Published: 2007/4/3 6:01  Updated: 2007/4/3 6:01
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Comments: 2
 Re: xo-002 ch01.html
Trying this out on a Mac. J2SE 1.5.0_07-164 installed. 1.5.0_06 is what's available on the download site. However, it would almost certainly be updated with Software Update.

Author Thread
dafydd
Published: 2007/4/6 1:00  Updated: 2007/4/6 1:00
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 Re: xo-002 ch01s04.html
Second question: How do we point the XAMPP start/stop buttons in the Eclipse toobar to where we put XAMPP?

dafydd

Author Thread
dysmas
Published: 2007/8/4 14:18  Updated: 2007/8/4 14:18
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 Debugging standalone PHP applications
Thanks hundred times for all the detailed explanations here !!

And especially for the note which explains why debugging a CLI application does not work in 1.1.8 version and only in 1.1.9. (wrong port, as I guessed, but I have been looking for this information for some hours before coming here). Unfortunately this 1.1.9 CVS version does not work in the last 3.2.0 Eclipse version I just got. Let us hope the stable version is going quickly.

Author Thread
Mercyful
Published: 2007/9/10 14:46  Updated: 2007/9/10 14:46
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Comments: 1
 Re: dbg is not working
I want using eclipse3.2 with php-plugin and for debugging i want using dbg.
I'm using xampp 1.6.3a with php 4.4.7. and php_dbg.dll-4.4.x
After step by step installation
http://docs.schuetzengau-freising.de/ ... =xo-002&file=ch01s05.html
the debugger dbg will not work.
When i called phpinfo() there is no section dbg shown.
Who have any ideas?
Thanks a lot!
Regards Mercyful

Author Thread
keryx
Published: 2007/9/26 22:59  Updated: 2007/9/26 22:59
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Comments: 1
 Re: xo-002 ch04.html
A section about verrors should be nice. I get the following:


<terminated, exit value: 0>PHP C:\Program\PHP\php.exe : <path>/<fil>.php

I've googled like crazy but to no avail. And yes - it does not stop at breakpoints and "variables" are empty. DBG is working:

if (function_exists ("DebugBreak")) {
DebugBreak ();
echo "debugging started!<br />\n";
}

Outputs "debugging started!" And DBG is reported on phpinfo().

Author Thread
koski
Published: 2007/10/19 3:55  Updated: 2007/10/19 3:55
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Comments: 1
 Re: xo-002 ch01s03.html
Hi,

Seems that the mentioned link for cvs:

http://phpeclipse.sourceforge.net/update/cvs

is out of date or wrong.

Author Thread
andybruk
Published: 2007/11/18 1:11  Updated: 2007/11/18 1:11
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Comments: 1
 Re: xo-002 index.html
I've been searching for a PHP debugger for ages. This is the only one I can find that works perfectly, thanks very much for providing this documentation.<br /><br />I doubt if I could ever get it to work on Windows, but it works so well with Ubuntu Linux and Eclipse 3.1.<br />
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